Instructions to Authors


Cover page of MILA

Instructions to Authors



All authors including co-authors should be responsible for a significant part of the manuscript. All authors and co-authors should have taken part in writing the manuscript, reviewing it, and revising its intellectual and technical content. Any author whose name appears on a paper assumes responsibility and accountability for the results presented. MILA shall not assume responsibility for any erroneous interpretation of the data by the author(s).


Generally, three types of manuscripts are accepted for publication in MILA. The manuscripts of interest to the journal are listed below (1) Original articles based on original research data that contributes to the field of anthropology, gender and african studies knowledge on the area of the author(s) research interest; (2) Theoretical reflections that offer new insight into anthropology, gender and african studies; and (3) Book reviews.


Preparation of manuscript

All manuscripts must be prepared following the American Anthropologist format. Manuscripts should be double-spaced in Times New Roman font size 12 point in MS Word or pdf. The items in the manuscript should be ordered as follows: title page, abstract, text acknowledgements, references, legends, and tables. Each page, including the title page, must be numbered in the lower right-hand corner. Number pages consecutively. Due to limitations of space, manuscripts should contain 2,000 to 4,000 words, excluding front matter, references, and tables and figures.


Title Page: The title page should include the contributors’ names with affiliations and a running head of about 45 characters. Please also indicate on the title page the name complete mailing address and E-mail address of the author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract: The second page should consist of an abstract of not more than 250 words which should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. It should be double-spaced, be no more than 250 words, and should summarise the purpose of the study, the main findings, and the principal conclusions. 


Text: In general, the text (which must be double-spaced) should be organized under the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results/Findings, Discussion and Conclusions. Use only standard abbreviations. At first, usage, spell out terms and give abbreviations in parentheses. Thereafter, use only abbreviations. It is not necessary to spell out standard units of measure, even at first usage.


In-Text Citations of the literature should be given by the author's surname with the year of publication: (Ondicho & Onyango-Ouma, 2023; Subbo, 2022).

For more than two authors, use the first author's name plus "et al.": Ondicho, et al. (2019).

When referring to pages (required for direct quotations), put them after a colon following the year: Omia (2021: 119-120); (Shilabukha, 2020: 19).

Acknowledgements: The author should acknowledge only those people and their institutions that have made significant contributions to the study.


References: References must be typed double-spaced and following the American Anthropologist referencing style. List all authors when there are six or less. When there are more than six list the first three followed by et al. If references to personal communication or unpublished data are used, they are not to be in the list of references. They should be referred to in parentheses: (e.g., W. Onyango-Ouma, personal communication). Include, among the references, papers accepted but not yet published designate the journal, and add “In Press.”


Sample references: All the components are required:

 Book chapter:

Ondicho, T. G. 2023. Traditional families and social networks in Kenya. In: Nasongo WS, Amutabi, MN & Faloa T (eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Kenyan History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Publishers, p. 69-83.

Journal article:

Nyamongo IK (1999). Home case management for malaria: an ethnographic study of lay people’s classification of drugs. Tropical Medicine and International Health 4(11), 736-743. 


Milne RE (1985). The re-birth of journals. Reproductive Health Matters, 310:1387-

90. At:  <>. Accessed 26 September 1996.

Dissertations, thesis:

Ondicho TG (2010). Tourism, Power, and Politics: The Challenges of Maasai Involvement in Tourism Development. PhD Dissertation. School of People, Environment and Planning, Massey University. 


Legends: Type legends for illustrations double-spaced on a separate sheet. In the legend, provide explanations for any abbreviations, arrows etc. on the artwork. If the illustration is taken from a copyrighted publication, credit must be given in the legend. 

Tables: Type tables double-spaced, each on a separate sheet, and provide a title for each table. Cite tables in sequence in the text. Explain the abbreviation used in the body of the table in footnotes. If the table is taken from a copyrighted publication, credit must be given in a footnote.

Illustrations: Cite figures consecutively in the manuscript within parentheses. Example: The school dropout rates for girls and boys (Fig. 1) show that girls are substantially disadvantaged. All illustrations should be numbered and labelled with the first author’s name on the back. The top of the illustration should be indicated. A legend should be supplied for each illustration, and all legends numbered consecutively and provided (double-spaced) on a separate page. Figures should be numbered in the order cited in the text. A complete set should be submitted with the manuscript. Keep in mind that the figure will be reduced, so please do not submit large figures/graphs that contain small types, as the text within the figure will not be readable after reduction.

Ethical considerations: Contributors are required to follow the procedures in their countries that govern the involvement of human or animal subjects. In this regard, the Declaration of Helsinki represents the minimum requirement. For human subjects in a research survey, consent from the person (people) appearing must accompany any photographs intended for publication in which the possibility of identification exists.

SUBMISSION: Articles prepared as specified above may be submitted to the Editor at  Submissions must be accompanied by a declaration that the submitted article is not under review elsewhere for publication and that it shall not be submitted for publication while under review by MILA.